DIY History | Transcribe | Scholarship at Iowa | Phenylbromethylbenzenesulfonamid and phenylbromethylamin by Carl Leopold von Ende, 1893 | Phenylbromethylbenzenesulfonamide and Phenylbromethylamin by Carl Leopold von Ende, 1893, Page 3

[page]2[/page]
The amins are formed by heating the alkyl haloids or nitrates with ammonia under pressure. The following consecutive reactions take place:
(1) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] * Cl + NH[subscript]3[/subscript] = NH[subscript]2[/subscript] * C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] + HCl
(2) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] * Cl + NH[subscript]2[/subscript] * C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] = NH(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]2[/subscript] + HCl
(3) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]2[/subscript] * Cl + NH(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]2[/subscript] = N(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]3[/subscript] + HCl
Those containing the lower members of the series of alkyls are gaseous at the ordinary temperatures; those containing the higher members are usually liquid. They have a peculiar ammoniacal smell, which is usually accompanied by a fish like odor. Many metallic salts are thrown down, from solutions, by them and they combine directly with acids to form crystalline compounds. Their chlorids combine with platinic chlorid, as does NH[subscript]4[/subscript] * Cl and

[page]2[/page]
The amins are formed by heating the alkyl haloids or nitrates with ammonia under pressure. The following consecutive reactions take place:
(1) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] * Cl + NH[subscript]3[/subscript] = NH[subscript]2[/subscript] * C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] + HCl
(2) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] * Cl + NH[subscript]2[/subscript] * C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript] = NH(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]2[/subscript] + HCl
(3) C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]2[/subscript] * Cl + NH(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]2[/subscript] = N(C[subscript]2[/subscript]H[subscript]5[/subscript])[subscript]3[/subscript] + HCl
Those containing the lower members of the series of alkyls are gaseous at the ordinary temperatures; those containing the higher members are usually liquid. They have a peculiar ammoniacal smell, which is usually accompanied by a fish like odor. Many metallic salts are thrown down, from solutions, by them and they combine directly with acids to form crystalline compounds. Their chlorids combine with platinic chlorid, as does NH[subscript]4[/subscript] * Cl and